Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder (COPD) is a disease caused by inflammation of the lungs resulting in obstructed airflow from the lungs. Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema are two conditions which contribute in COPD. Chronic Bronchitis is inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tubes. These tubes carry air to and from the air sacs of the lungs. Emphysema is a condition in which the air sacs at the ends of the smallest air passages of the lungs are destroyed mainly due to exposure to smoke.
The symptoms of Chronic Bronchitis are daily cough and mucous production. The symptoms of COPD are breathing difficulty, cough, sputum and wheezing. In any case the best thing to do is to consult a good lung specialist or a pulmonologist for the problem. People with COPD are at an increased risk of heart disease, lung cancer and other respiratory problems. The main cause of COPD in India is cigarette or bidi smoking, exposure to smoke during cooking or burning waste. The polluted air in Indian cities for most times of the year are a big contributor in COPD.
People with COPD are more likely to catch cold, flu or pneumonia. Apart from Heart Disease and Lung Cancer, COPD also causes increased blood pressure in the pulmonary arteries. When you are unable to do activities which gives you heaviness due to breathing problems, it also gives rise to depression in patients of COPD.
If you have been smoking for a long time and experience symptoms like breathing difficulty, daily cough etc then you should see a pulmonologist or lung specialist without any delay. The doctor will get tests like Pulmonary Function Test, Chest X-Ray, CT Scan of Chest, Arterial Blood Gas Analysis etc. High Resolution CT Scan of the Chest is a one of the best test for diagnosing lung diseases.
The treatment for COPD includes Lifestyle modification, medication and in some cases surgery. If COPD has been caused due to smoking then quitting is the first step to reverse the disease. Nicotine replacement therapy can also help the patients of COPD which has been caused due to tobacco smoking. Electronic cigarettes can also be of great help. Bronchodilators which are administered through inhalers are commonly prescribed by the lung specialist or pulmonologist. They are also of great help as they relax the muscles around the airways in lungs. This helps in reducing the coughing and makes the breathing easier. Inhaling corticosteroids also helps in reducing the inflammation.
Some patients might have to be given oxygen therapy if the oxygen saturation is low. Use of BiPAP machine at home also helps in improving the symptoms. Lung Volume Reduction Surgery is done in some patients in which the surgeon will remove some portion of the damaged lung tissue which allows the healthy tissue to expand.
Dr Keerat Kaur Sibia is one of the most qualified and one of the best Pulmonologist and Chest Specialist in Punjab for the treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder (COPD) and other lung related problems at Bahra Hospital, Mohali. If you are a smoker then you should get your lungs checked immediately by a good lung sepcialist for any early signs of COPD. Such patients should either quit smoking or atleast reduce the number of cigarettes smoked per day. Regular exercise like Yoga with special focus on `Pranayam' can help you in improving the lung capacity and reduce the chances of COPD developing at a later stage. Any kind of aerobic exercise also helps in improving the lung volume and keeps the airways open. Doing gargles with lukewarm water 2-3 times in a day and consuming warm water will help in reducing the mucous. Regular clinical examination with a good pulmonologist is extremely important and best to nip the disease in the bud before it becomes too difficult to handle.
Bahra Superspecialty Hospital is the biggest private hospital in the Tricity of Mohali, Chandigarh and Panchkula. Spread over 12 acres, the hospital has 250 beds at present which can be expanded to 1000 beds. Mr. Gurvinder Singh Bahra who is one of the most distinguished educationist in India has setup this hospital in the Kharar area of Mohali, Punjab.
Bahra Hospital has been in the forefront of deploying cutting edge technology for the benefit of its patients. Our Intensive Care Units are equipped with the latest ventilators, monitors and other life saving equipments. The Radiology department has the ultrafast 32 Slice CT Scanner, Ultrasound, Colour Doppler and Digital X-Ray to provide all the diagnostic services inhouse.
Our team of doctors include some of the best medical professionals in the field of Neurosurgery, Neurology, Cardiology, Oncology, Gastroenterology, Pulmonology, Cosmetic Surgery, Orthopedics, Laparoscopic Surgery, Obgyn, Pediatrics, Internal Medicine, Critical Care, ENT, Skin, Psychiatry, Dental and Physical Therapy.
Spread over 12 acres campus, this is the biggest hospital in the Tricity. The hospital which currently has 250 beds will be expanded to 1200 beds. Watch this Virtual Tour
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