Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a problem caused by hormonal imbalance in women. It can cause problems with your periods and make it difficult to get pregnant. PCOS may also cause unwanted changes in the way you look. If it isn't treated, over time it can lead to serious health problems, such as diabetes and heart disease. Most women with PCOS grow many small cysts in their ovaries. That is why it is called polycystic ovary syndrome. The cysts are not harmful but lead to hormonal imbalance.
Early diagnosis and treatment can help control the symptoms and prevent long-term problems. Hormones are chemical messengers that trigger many different processes, including growth and energy production. Often, the job of one hormone is to signal the release of another hormone. For reasons that are not well understood, in PCOS the hormones get out of balance. One hormone change triggers another, which changes another. For example: The sex hormones get out of balance. Normally, the ovaries make a tiny amount of male sex hormones (androgens). In PCOS, they start making slightly more androgens. This may cause you to stop ovulating, get acne, and grow extra facial and body hair. The body may have a problem using insulin, called insulin resistance. When the body doesn't use insulin well, blood sugar levels go up. Over time, this increases your chance of getting diabetes.
Symptoms of PCOD - Symptoms tend to be mild at first. You may have only a few symptoms or a lot of them. The most common symptoms are:
Weight gain and trouble losing weight
Extra hair on the face and body. Often women get thicker and darker facial hair and more hair on the chest, belly, and back
Thinning hair on the scalp
Irregular periods - Often women with PCOS have fewer than nine periods a year. Some women have no periods. Others have - very heavy bleeding
Fertility problems - Many women who have PCOS have trouble getting pregnant(infertility)
Treatment Options for PCOD - PCOD needs more of life style managment than any medication. Following can help reduce the effects of PCOD:
Regular exercise, healthy foods, and weight control are the key treatments for PCOS. Treatment can reduce unpleasant symptoms and help prevent long-term health problems. Try to fit in moderate activity and/or vigorous activity often. Walking is a great exercise that most people can do.
Eat heart-healthy foods. This includes lots of vegetables, fruits, nuts, beans, and whole grains. It limits foods that are high in saturated fat, such as meats, cheeses, and fried foods.
If you smoke, consider quitting. Women who smoke have higher androgen levels that may contribute to PCOS symptoms. Your doctor may also prescribe birth control pills to reduce symptoms, metformin to help you have regular menstrual cycles, or fertility medicines if you are having trouble getting pregnant.
Dr Balvin Kaur Ghai is one of the best and extensively trained gynaecologist in Mohali, Chandigarh for PCOD treatment and management at Bahra Hospital, Mohali, Punjab. The cost of pcod treatment would be that of investigations and medication. As mentioned above the treatment for PCOD is largely based on lifestyle modification and certain medication. At Bahra Hospital, Mohali, our gynaecologist Dr Balvin Kaur not only treats the PCOD but also counsels the patient on leading a healthy and active lifestyle.
Bahra Superspecialty Hospital is the biggest private hospital in the Tricity of Mohali, Chandigarh and Panchkula. Spread over 12 acres, the hospital has 250 beds at present which can be expanded to 1000 beds. Mr. Gurvinder Singh Bahra who is one of the most distinguished educationist in India has setup this hospital in the Kharar area of Mohali, Punjab.
Bahra Hospital has been in the forefront of deploying cutting edge technology for the benefit of its patients. Our Intensive Care Units are equipped with the latest ventilators, monitors and other life saving equipments. The Radiology department has the ultrafast 32 Slice CT Scanner, Ultrasound, Colour Doppler and Digital X-Ray to provide all the diagnostic services inhouse.
Our team of doctors include some of the best medical professionals in the field of Neurosurgery, Neurology, Cardiology, Oncology, Gastroenterology, Pulmonology, Cosmetic Surgery, Orthopedics, Laparoscopic Surgery, Obgyn, Pediatrics, Internal Medicine, Critical Care, ENT, Skin, Psychiatry, Dental and Physical Therapy.
Spread over 12 acres campus, this is the biggest hospital in the Tricity. The hospital which currently has 250 beds will be expanded to 1200 beds. Watch this Virtual Tour
Gynecologist Dr Balvin Kaur is talking about the ways in which a pregnant woman can try to go for normal delivery. What all things should be kept in mind during pregnancy.