Department of Neurology
Neurology is a branch of medicine that deals with the study and treatment of disorders and diseases related to the nervous system. The nervous system is a complex network of cells and tissues that transmit signals between different parts of the body, allowing it to function properly.
Neurologists are medical doctors who specialize in diagnosing, treating, and managing conditions that affect the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), the peripheral nervous system (nerves outside the brain and spinal cord), and the autonomic nervous system (controls involuntary functions like heartbeat and digestion).
Some common neurological conditions include:
Stroke: A sudden interruption of blood flow to the brain, leading to brain damage and various neurological deficits.
Epilepsy: A neurological disorder characterized by recurrent seizures due to abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS): An autoimmune disease that affects the central nervous system, leading to inflammation and damage to the myelin sheath, which surrounds nerve fibers.
Parkinson’s disease: A progressive neurodegenerative disorder that affects movement, causing tremors, stiffness, and impaired balance and coordination.
Alzheimer’s disease: A type of dementia that primarily affects memory, thinking, and behavior due to the gradual degeneration of brain cells.
Migraine: A severe and recurring headache disorder often accompanied by other symptoms like nausea, sensitivity to light, and sound.
Peripheral neuropathy: Damage to the peripheral nerves resulting in symptoms such as numbness, tingling, and weakness in the extremities.
Diagnosing neurological conditions often involves a combination of medical history evaluation, neurological examination, and sometimes specialized tests like MRI, CT scans, EEG (electroencephalogram), and nerve conduction studies.
Treatment approaches can vary depending on the specific condition but may include medications, physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and in some cases, surgical interventions. Neurologists work closely with other healthcare professionals to provide comprehensive care for their patients.