Department of General and Laproscopic GI Surgery
General and laparoscopic GI surgery are two specialized branches of general surgery that focus on the treatment of gastrointestinal (GI) conditions using traditional open surgical techniques and minimally invasive laparoscopic procedures, respectively.
- General GI Surgery: General GI surgery is a subset of general surgery that deals with a wide range of surgical conditions affecting the gastrointestinal tract. This includes the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, rectum, liver, pancreas, and gallbladder. General GI surgeons are skilled in performing both open and minimally invasive procedures to treat various GI disorders. Some common conditions treated by general GI surgeons include:
- Gallbladder disease (gallstones)
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
- Peptic ulcers
- Inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis)
- Colorectal cancer
- Benign and malignant tumors of the GI tract
- Liver and bile duct disorders
- Laparoscopic GI Surgery: Laparoscopic GI surgery, also known as minimally invasive GI surgery, is a specialized approach to performing GI surgeries using small incisions and a laparoscope—a thin, flexible tube with a camera and surgical instruments attached to it. The camera provides a magnified view of the surgical area, allowing the surgeon to perform the procedure with precision. Benefits of laparoscopic GI surgery include reduced pain, shorter hospital stays, faster recovery times, and minimal scarring.
Common laparoscopic GI surgeries include:
- Laparoscopic cholecystectomy: Removal of the gallbladder for the treatment of gallstones.
- Laparoscopic appendectomy: Removal of the appendix in cases of appendicitis.
- Laparoscopic colectomy: Removal of part or all of the colon for conditions like colorectal cancer or diverticular disease.
- Laparoscopic hernia repair: Repair of inguinal, umbilical, or incisional hernias using laparoscopic techniques.
- Laparoscopic fundoplication: Treatment of GERD by creating a new valve mechanism at the lower end of the esophagus.