Department of Pediatrics & Neonatology
Pediatrics and Neonatology are two medical specialties that focus on the healthcare of newborns, infants, children, and adolescents. While both specialties deal with pediatric patients, they have distinct areas of focus and expertise:
- Pediatrics: Pediatrics is the branch of medicine dedicated to the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents, typically up to the age of 18. Medical doctors who specialize in pediatrics are known as pediatricians. They provide a wide range of medical services, including preventive care, diagnosis, and treatment of acute and chronic illnesses in pediatric patients.
Pediatricians monitor the growth and development of children, administer vaccinations, and offer guidance on nutrition and healthy lifestyle habits. They diagnose and treat various childhood conditions, such as respiratory infections, gastrointestinal disorders, skin conditions, allergies, and childhood injuries. Additionally, pediatricians are well-equipped to address developmental and behavioral concerns in children, ensuring that they reach their developmental milestones appropriately.
Pediatricians often work in outpatient clinics, hospitals, or private practices and play a crucial role in promoting the health and well-being of children from birth through adolescence.
- Neonatology: Neonatology is a sub-specialty within pediatrics that focuses on the medical care of newborn infants, especially those who are born prematurely or have complex medical conditions. Medical doctors who specialize in neonatology are called neonatologists.
Neonatologists are highly trained to care for critically ill newborns, especially those who require specialized medical interventions in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). They manage the unique health challenges faced by premature infants, including respiratory distress, feeding difficulties, jaundice, and infections. Neonatologists also provide support for infants born with congenital abnormalities and other medical conditions that require specialized care during the newborn period.
In addition to caring for sick newborns, neonatologists also collaborate with obstetricians and other healthcare professionals to provide prenatal counseling and support for families who may have high-risk pregnancies or anticipate the birth of a newborn requiring specialized care.