Department of Urology and Kidney Transplantation

Urology is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of conditions related to the urinary system in both males and females, as well as the male reproductive system. Urologists are medical doctors who specialize in urology and are trained to manage a wide range of urological disorders.

The urinary system comprises the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Urologists are responsible for treating various urinary tract conditions, including:

  1. Kidney Stones: Hard mineral and salt deposits that form in the kidneys and can cause pain and obstruction.
  2. Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs): Bacterial infections affecting the kidneys, bladder, or urethra.
  3. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH): An enlargement of the prostate gland, commonly affecting older men and causing urinary symptoms.
  4. Prostate Cancer: Cancer that develops in the prostate gland, primarily affecting older men.
  5. Bladder Cancer: Cancer that develops in the lining of the bladder.
  6. Erectile Dysfunction: The inability to achieve or maintain an erection.
  7. Urinary Incontinence: Loss of bladder control, leading to involuntary urine leakage.
  8. Male Infertility: Urologists may address issues related to male reproductive health and fertility.

Kidney transplantation is a surgical procedure performed to replace a damaged or non-functional kidney with a healthy donor kidney. This procedure is typically reserved for patients with end-stage kidney disease or other severe kidney-related conditions that cannot be adequately treated with other methods like dialysis.

The kidney transplant process involves several stages, including:

  1. Evaluation: Both the potential recipient and the living kidney donor (if applicable) undergo a thorough medical and psychological evaluation to ensure they are suitable candidates for transplantation.
  2. Matching: Blood and tissue typing are performed to assess compatibility between the donor and recipient.
  3. Transplant Surgery: The diseased kidney is removed from the recipient, and the healthy donor kidney is transplanted into the recipient’s lower abdomen. The donor kidney’s blood vessels and ureter are connected to the recipient’s blood vessels and bladder, respectively.
  4. Post-Transplant Care: After the surgery, recipients require close monitoring and immunosuppressive medications to prevent the body from rejecting the transplanted kidney.