Department of Radiology
Radiology is a medical specialty that uses medical imaging techniques to diagnose and treat various diseases and conditions within the human body. Radiologists are medical doctors who specialize in this field and are experts in interpreting medical images to aid in patient diagnosis and management.
Medical imaging involves the use of different modalities to visualize internal structures and organs, allowing healthcare professionals to gain insights into a patient’s health without the need for invasive procedures. Some common imaging modalities used in radiology include:
X-ray: X-rays use ionizing radiation to produce images of bones and certain soft tissues, making them useful for detecting fractures, infections, and lung conditions.
Computed Tomography (CT scan): CT scans provide cross-sectional images of the body using X-rays, allowing for detailed views of organs, blood vessels, and tissues. CT scans are helpful in diagnosing various conditions, including tumors, injuries, and internal bleeding.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): MRI uses powerful magnets and radio waves to generate detailed images of organs and soft tissues. It is particularly useful for examining the brain, spinal cord, joints, and muscles.
Ultrasound: Ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves to create real-time images of organs and structures. It is commonly used in obstetrics, cardiology, and to assess various abdominal and soft tissue conditions.