Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Obstetrics and Gynecology (often abbreviated as OB/GYN) is a medical specialty that focuses on the care of women’s reproductive health, including pregnancy, childbirth, and various gynecological conditions. Obstetricians and gynecologists are medical doctors who have completed specialized training in this field and provide comprehensive healthcare to women throughout different stages of their lives.
Obstetrics: Obstetrics deals with the management of pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. Obstetricians provide prenatal care to pregnant women, monitor the health and development of the fetus, and assist in delivering babies. They also manage complications during pregnancy and childbirth, ensuring the well-being of both the mother and the baby. Obstetricians may perform cesarean sections (C-sections) when necessary and provide postnatal care to new mothers.
Gynecology: Gynecology focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of conditions that affect the female reproductive system. Gynecologists provide preventive care, medical treatments, and surgical interventions for various gynecological issues. Some common gynecological conditions include menstrual disorders, pelvic pain, uterine fibroids, ovarian cysts, endometriosis, and infections of the reproductive organs.
Key aspects of Obstetrics & Gynecology include:
Prenatal Care: Obstetricians monitor the health of pregnant women and their developing babies, providing essential prenatal tests and screenings to ensure a healthy pregnancy.
Labor and Delivery: Obstetricians manage labor and delivery, providing guidance and support during childbirth and addressing any complications that may arise.
Family Planning: Gynecologists offer family planning services, including birth control options and counseling on family planning methods.
Menopause Management: Gynecologists help women manage the physical and emotional changes associated with menopause.
Reproductive Health Screenings: Regular screenings, such as Pap smears and mammograms, are conducted to detect early signs of cervical and breast cancer.
Minimally Invasive Surgery: Both obstetricians and gynecologists use minimally invasive techniques, such as laparoscopy, for various surgical procedures to reduce recovery time and scarring.