Department of Orthopaedics & Joint Replacement

Orthopedics, also known as orthopedic surgery, is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of conditions and injuries affecting the musculoskeletal system. This includes the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and nerves that provide support and allow movement in the body. Orthopedic surgeons are medical doctors who specialize in this field and undergo extensive training to manage a wide range of orthopedic conditions.

Some of the common areas and conditions that orthopedic surgeons address include:

  1. Joint Replacement Surgery: This involves replacing damaged or arthritic joints with artificial implants made of metal, plastic, or ceramic materials. Joint replacement surgery is commonly performed for hips, knees, shoulders, and elbows affected by conditions such as osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis.

  2. Fracture Management: Orthopedic surgeons treat fractures (broken bones) resulting from accidents, sports injuries, or other traumatic events. They use various techniques, including casting, splinting, and surgery, to realign and stabilize the broken bones for proper healing.

  3. Sports Injuries: Orthopedic surgeons are often involved in managing sports-related injuries, such as ligament tears (ACL, MCL), meniscus tears, and rotator cuff injuries.

  4. Spine Disorders: Orthopedic surgeons may address conditions like herniated discs, spinal stenosis, and spinal deformities (scoliosis) through surgical interventions or non-surgical treatments.

  5. Degenerative Joint Diseases: Osteoarthritis and other degenerative joint diseases can cause pain and impaired mobility, often requiring surgical management, including joint replacement.

  6. Hand and Wrist Conditions: Orthopedic surgeons treat conditions affecting the hand and wrist, such as carpal tunnel syndrome, trigger finger, and tendon injuries.

  7. Foot and Ankle Problems: Conditions like bunions, plantar fasciitis, and ankle instability may be managed by orthopedic surgeons.

  8. Pediatric Orthopedics: Orthopedic surgeons may specialize in treating musculoskeletal conditions in children, including congenital anomalies and growth-related issues.