Department of Neurosciences
Neuroscience is a multidisciplinary branch of science that encompasses the study of the nervous system, including its structure, function, development, and diseases. It is a vast and complex field that involves various scientific disciplines, including biology, chemistry, psychology, physics, and computer science, all focused on understanding the intricacies of the nervous system.
Neurosurgery, also known as neurological surgery, is a specialized medical field that deals with the surgical treatment of disorders and conditions affecting the nervous system. This includes the brain, spinal cord, spinal column, and peripheral nerves. Neurosurgeons are medical doctors who have completed extensive training in surgical techniques related to the nervous system.
Some common conditions that neurosurgeons may treat include:
Brain Tumors: Both benign and malignant tumors that develop within the brain or its surrounding structures may require surgical intervention.
Spinal Disorders: Neurosurgeons may address conditions such as herniated discs, spinal stenosis, and spinal deformities through surgical procedures.
Head and Spinal Cord Injuries: Traumatic injuries to the brain and spinal cord may require immediate surgical attention to minimize damage and promote recovery.
Cerebrovascular Disorders: Neurosurgeons can treat conditions like aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), and other vascular issues affecting the brain and surrounding blood vessels.
Epilepsy: In some cases of drug-resistant epilepsy, surgical procedures may be considered to remove the area of the brain responsible for seizure activity.
Chiari Malformation: This condition involves a structural defect in the base of the skull, leading to brain tissue protruding into the spinal canal. Surgery may be necessary to alleviate symptoms and prevent complications.
Functional Neurosurgery: Certain neurological conditions, like Parkinson’s disease and essential tremor, may be managed through deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery.
Neurology is a branch of medicine that deals with the study and treatment of disorders and diseases related to the nervous system. The nervous system is a complex network of cells and tissues that transmit signals between different parts of the body, allowing it to function properly.
Neurologists are medical doctors who specialize in diagnosing, treating, and managing conditions that affect the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), the peripheral nervous system (nerves outside the brain and spinal cord), and the autonomic nervous system (controls involuntary functions like heartbeat and digestion).
Some common neurological conditions include:
Stroke: A sudden interruption of blood flow to the brain, leading to brain damage and various neurological deficits.
Epilepsy: A neurological disorder characterized by recurrent seizures due to abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS): An autoimmune disease that affects the central nervous system, leading to inflammation and damage to the myelin sheath, which surrounds nerve fibers.
Parkinson’s disease: A progressive neurodegenerative disorder that affects movement, causing tremors, stiffness, and impaired balance and coordination.
Alzheimer’s disease: A type of dementia that primarily affects memory, thinking, and behavior due to the gradual degeneration of brain cells.
Migraine: A severe and recurring headache disorder often accompanied by other symptoms like nausea, sensitivity to light, and sound.
Peripheral Neuropathy: Damage to the peripheral nerves resulting in symptoms such as numbness, tingling, and weakness in the extremities.